Plagiarism is one of the most common types of academic dishonesty, and it is what many people think of when they hear the term "academic dishonesty."
According to Lerych & Criswell (2016): "Plagiarism is presenting the words, ideas, or data of another thinker or writer as if they were your own" (p. 341).
This includes failing to acknowledge when ideas, etc. came from another source, even if this was unintentional.
Lerych, L. D. & Criswell, A. D. (2016). Everything you need to know about college writing. Bedford/St. Martin's.
What constitutes plagiarism:
Why citation is so important:
We use citations when referring to the work of others not just because it is required. Like many things, citation is required for good reasons:
Why over-quoting/over-paraphrasing is considered plagiarism:
College writing should reflect your own ideas and opinions. In the college setting, you are expected to move beyond simply memorizing facts and repeating them in your writing assignments.
Instead, you should:
You should use reliable information sources to support your arguments, but the majority of what you write should be your own. (Your professors, Learning Center writing tutors, and librarians can all help you with this.)
Confused about paraphrasing?
Lehman College's Leonard Lief Library and Lehman Studios created the video below, which provides a clear and simple explanation of why paraphrasing requires a citation.