Central Penn uses APA Style & Citation Format. This style is based on the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (7th ed.). A copy of the APA Manual is available for use in the library and the Learning Center.
We use citations when referring to the work of others not just because it is required. Like many things, citation is required for good reasons:
Always cite the source in two places:
1. An abbreviated citation goes in the text of your paper immediately adjacent to the borrowed material. This is your 'in-text' citation.
2. The full citation should be listed in the References at the end of your paper
Every source cited in the text of your paper should have a matching citation on your Reference page, and vice-versa. The exception to this is if you are citing a 'personal communication' such as emails, texts, interviews you have conducted, lecture notes... basically anything that can not be found by the reader.
(See our Academic Integrity guide for more information)