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APA Style & Citation 7th edition

How to format your paper and cite your sources using 7th ed. APA style.

Citation Rules: References

This can include videos (e.g. YouTube and TED talks), movies, television shows, images, or other artwork.

  • For films and TV shows: if you are citing the entire work--use the director for a film, and the executive producer for a TV series. To refer to a specific part of a whole (such as an episode of a TV series), cite the writer and director of that episode and provide information for the whole (the series title).
  • For YouTube videos, use the name of the account or channel that uploaded the video as the author/creator.
  • Clip Art or stock images found within the program you are using (Word or PowerPoint) do not need to be cited. Images found on the web do need in-text citations and a corresponding reference.
  • For more information on using figures, charts, and tables see Chapter 7 in the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association or the Tables and Figures section of
  • For more examples of references for various types of media, see Sections 10.12–10.14 of the Publication Manual or the Audiovisual Media section of

Creator's last name, initials. (Creator's contribution). (year). Title of work [Medium]. Production company, museum location or hosting URL (if online)


Childish Gambino. (2018). This is America [Song], mcDJ; RCA

Cuddy, A. (2012, June). Your body language may shape who you are [Video]. Ted Conferences.

Eisenstaedt, A. (Photographer). (1945). V-J Day in Times Square [Photograph].

Harvard University. (2019, August 28). Soft robotic gripper for jellyfish [Video]. YouTube.

LadyofHats. (2008). Respiratory system complete [Drawing].

Monet, C. (1899). Bridge over a pond of water lilies [Painting]. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY, United States.

Vedantam, S. (Host). (2020, January 6). On the knife's edge: Using therapy to address violence among teens [Audio podcast episode]. In Hidden Brain. NPR.

Whedon, J. (Director). (2015). Avengers: Age of Ultron [Film]. Marvel Studios; Walt Disney Pictures.


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